What are Multiple intelligences
“Multiple Intelligences” is a theory proposed by Howard Gardner, a psychologist and professor at Harvard University. According to Gardner, there are several different types of intelligences that people possess, and these intelligences are relatively independent of one another. The original list of intelligences included:
- Linguistic intelligence – the ability to use language effectively, both orally and in writing.
- Logical-mathematical intelligence – the ability to reason logically and solve mathematical problems.
- Spatial intelligence – the ability to visualize objects and spaces in the mind.
- Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence – the ability to use the body effectively to accomplish tasks.
- Musical intelligence – the ability to understand and create music.
- Interpersonal intelligence – the ability to understand and relate to other people.
- Intrapersonal intelligence – the ability to understand one’s own emotions and thoughts.
- Naturalistic intelligence – the ability to recognize and classify natural objects, and to understand natural systems and processes.
- Existential intelligence – the ability to grapple with deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life.
Naturalistic and existential intelligence were added later by Gardner to the list:
It's important to note that the theory of multiple intelligences is a contested one, and not all psychologists agree with it. However, it has been influential in education and has led to a greater recognition of the diversity of human abilities and talents.
Mmm… and intuitive intelligence?
Intuition is not typically considered one of the multiple intelligences as defined by Howard Gardner's theory. Intuition is often thought of as a gut feeling or a sense of knowing that comes from beyond conscious reasoning. It is not necessarily tied to any specific cognitive ability or domain, but rather a more general sense of perception or insight.
That being said, some researchers have proposed that intuition may be related to other forms of intelligence, such as emotional intelligence or creativity. For example, some people may have a natural ability to pick up on subtle emotional cues and respond intuitively to social situations, which could be seen as a form of emotional intelligence. Similarly, some people may be able to tap into their intuition to generate creative ideas or solutions to problems, which could be seen as a form of creative intelligence.
However, it’s important to note that these are not widely accepted as separate “intelligences” in the same way that the eight (or nine) multiple intelligences are. Rather, they are more like dimensions or facets of intelligence that can overlap and interact with each other.
So, intuition is framed irrational, right?
Intuition is not necessarily irrational, but it is often difficult to explain or justify using traditional reasoning processes. Intuition can be seen as a form of non-conscious thinking that draws on past experiences, knowledge, and patterns, and can lead to insights and conclusions that may not be immediately obvious.
While intuition may not always be reliable, it can be a useful tool in certain situations where there is incomplete information or where there is not enough time to make a fully rational decision. For example, experienced professionals may rely on their intuition to make quick decisions in high-pressure situations, such as emergency responders or military personnel.
That being said, it's important to note that intuition should not be relied upon exclusively, especially in situations where rational decision-making processes are necessary. In those cases, it's important to weigh all available information and use logical reasoning to arrive at a decision.
The heart knows
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